The role of the roof is not fully understood for the end-user building residents. It is still difficult for those who live in the building to recognize that the roof of a building is a little more blind than the other facades of the building, like those who build it. However, the defender has a vital proposition. Protect all the interior parts of a building and the guests hosted by the building from the forces of nature. Maintain the vital infrastructure of every building. It helps to define the aesthetics of the exterior.
In every period of history, this necessity of the roof has caused a strong market every century for the necessity of being every building, for the roof materials which are constantly expanding and varying in performance and physical characteristics.
However, the great change of roofing materials was between the 19th and 21st centuries. There are still infinite possibilities for producing a roof material solution for many different requests.
Roofing materials have a long history. The evolution of the coating material is also largely based on performance.
Wooden roofing materials and slate, clay tiles were the dominant choices compared to metal and bituminous (bitumen-based petroleum based) roofing systems, as they allowed low slope angles in the roofs until mid 19th century.
The roofs were sloping so that the roofs would not be affected by lower-impact climate events, such as rain, outside of large climatic events such as snow and hail. It was still difficult until the end of the nineteenth century to ensure the integrity and insulation for flat roofs.
In the 20th century, many new materials were developed in the flat roofs as well as for the low, steep sloped roofs. There is an asphalt tile (shingle) that emerges in the 20th century and continues to be one of the roofing materials for the houses. The commencement of the processing of the oil has brought this new product to the roof. After a period of market experience with various shapes, patterns and textures, asphalt shingle has turned into a three-pass version that is popular today. Composite materials such as asbestos and fiber-cement that followed came to rival asphalt for a while, performing better when trying to strengthen conventional materials such as slate (slate, limestone, slate, or glittering material) or clay tiles.
At the beginning of the 20th century, imitation techniques, which mimic the natural ones, gradually became a theme in the roofing business. At this time, asphalt and metal materials imitating clay tiles were the first examples.
In the 20th century, improvements were made in the development of roofing components together with the development of roofing materials with durability and fire resistance in various levels. It was introduced to the market in components such as roof gutters, rain gutters, sprinklers.
GRP Roofing Panels
In the 1950s, the emergence of GRP panels (glass reinforced plastic panels) or FTP panels (fiber reinforced plastic panels) was changed based on roofing engineering. GRP roofing material is one of the first preferred materials for roofing and facade covering material, mechanical, breaking, bending, corrosion, corrosion resistance, aesthetic forms, production at full scale required in factories, easy installation and maintenance. With its constantly developed formulations, it also adds to GRP material, fire resistance, sandwich panel usage, environmental features.
Roofing materials such as Corrugated GRP, Trapezoid GRP and Embossed GRP, produced in every desired color, also provide aesthetic and appearance differences in color and shape.
Clay tiles are still one of the oldest roof tiles with their natural forms and synthetic imitations. It is the oldest roofing material invented in the past. The origin goes to the Mediterranean. It is still preferred in residential architecture.
Asphalt Shingle Zona (Asphalt Tiles)
At the beginning of the 20th century many inventors owned the invention of asphalt roof tiles. It is difficult to say who has already signed this invention. However, the rolled asphalt roofing covered with slate granules already existed until the end of the 19th century.
For this reason, asphalt tiles are uncertain as to who the mucin is. The asphalt zona was widely used in 1910. Its economic formations and fire resistance made it possible to swiftly displace with the timber zones used at that time.
During the 20th century, asphalt shingle, ceramic granules, crushed slate coating and various shapes and textures have developed to contain.
Slate, a natural stone, has been used as a roofing material in Europe and in America as a very common roofing material. Especially in the 20th century, the Arduvaz roofing material became popular among building owners with its durability. However, the limited availability of colors is a disadvantage. The rare red slate is usually used for decoration.
Asphalt Impregnated Fabric and Bituminous Roof Coatings
The development of building roofs containing successive layers has changed the shape of buildings in the temperate zone. The preferred steep slope roofing for rain protection was no longer required. The resulting flat roof changed the scale and appearance of the built roofs forever.
Steel Roof Panels
Towards the mid-1900s, large steel roof panels were popular especially for agricultural and industrial buildings. Induction methods allowed the panels to be installed and used at longer distances. This reduced material volume and frame weight. Galvanized coatings gave the panels a longer service life. The steel roofing material that emerged in the 19th century is used today.
Cedar Zona Roof Coatings
It was often used in housing structures dating back to the 19th century. However, it has gained popularity asphalt in the 20th century. The cedar zona roofing has been revived in the 21st century in order to make a difference in time and space between roofing and façade applications.
Asbestos and Cement Fiber Tiles
In the 20th century, roof tiles made of fibers made by assembling asbestos and cement were presented to the market as a highly durable product with considerably less weight in roof applications, clay and slate. The fiber-cement shingles, which simulate the appearance of slate and clay, have been widely used in Europe and America. The most popular and distinctive pattern was the large-scale hexagonal form. Asbestos damage has also been reduced in a very gradual way.
Stamped Sheet Metal Roof Tiles
Roof tiles made of stamped sheet made to simulate a tile were popular in the early 20th century. These metal tiles are still being produced and their usage areas are very limited.
Aluminum Roofing Material
The corrosion resistance and lightness of aluminum have caused it to be used as roofing material. However, the formation of metal is a disadvantage in that it is difficult to get old shape when bent and bent. It was possible to obtain more performance applications by using it together with the GRP panels invented later.